What Causes Wrinkles? …& what can we do to help

There are many factors that contribute to the lines and wrinkles that we developed over the years. Some contributors are out of are control, while others are from our own lifestyle circumstances and choices.

As we age our skin gets thinner, less elastic and drier. It also becomes less able to protect itself from damage.

When we are young, our skin springs back. HOWEVER -as we get older our skin looses collagen and it’s flexibility. Springing back becomes harder, resulting in permanent  (at rest) lines and wrinkles.

Types of Wrinkles

FINE SUPERFICAL LINES

These finer lines increase when our skin is dehydrated, sun damaged, or if your a smoker. They can also occur due to our sleep position.

DEEP WRINKLES

Every time our facial muscles move (when we speak or make facial expressions such as frowning) our skin moves too. This is called ‘dynamic movement’ – producing dynamic wrinkles. Overtime, dynamic wrinkles will turn into ‘static lines’. This means they are permanently etched in our skin.

In addition, the loss of volume (mainly fat cells) under our skin means there is less ‘support’. This is a natural part of aging and leads to increased wrinkling and sagging.

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A number of avoidable lifestyle and environmental factors also contribute to the development of lines and wrinkles.

Smoking
Tobacco contains loads of toxins including;- carbon monoxide, nicotine, formaldehyde, mercury, lead and tar. These chemicals damage collagen and elastin within the skin. They also cause blood vessels to constrict, reducing blood flow, oxygen and nutrients to the skin. Skin is then less able to rejuvenate and repair itself. In addition to this, constantly squinting to avoid getting cigaret smoke in the eyes, and puckering the lips = lines around the eyes and mouth. See 5 of the worst things you can do for your skin.

The sun
Sun exposure is a major cause of wrinkles, especially for fair-skinned people.

Our sleep position
Sleep creases result from the way the head is positioned on the pillow and may become more visible after our skin starts losing its elasticity. Lying predominantly ‘face-down’ is typically the culprit. So trying to change sleep position can improve these sleep creases, or at least prevent them from becoming worse.

Dehydrated skin
As we age, it becomes harder for our skin to maintain its moisture levels. It also becomes increasingly common for our skins ‘lipid barrier’ to become impaired. This then leads to moisture loss / dehydration. The Skin also becomes more susceptible to bacteria and pollutants penetrating the impaired barrier.  Several factors can lead to dehydrated skin such as:-

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What can help slow down the aging process

1) Protect your skin from the sun
– slip slop slap and include SPF in your day Cream

2) Don’t smoke
3) Choose skincare formulas rich in active anti-aging  ingredients eg retinol

3) Avoid dry dehydrated skin
Avoid long hot showers which draws moisture out of your skin. Avoid harsh cleansers. Change your skincare products to suit your aging skin, see multi-med therapy and  Active Hydration Serum

4) Smarten up your diet
Increase your fatty acid intake. Omega 3’s and Omega 6 help boost the skins barrier -which keeps moisture in and irritants out. Good sources include salmon, sardines, flaxseeds, walnuts, Sea buckthorn. Take Supplements if your diet is not up to scratch (Omega 3’s & Zinc is a good start). See Anti-Aging Superfoods.

5) Skin Treatments
– See Rolling back the years & LED
– Muscle relaxants (aka anti-wrinkle injections).

Anti-wrinkle injections work to prevent the formation of static wrinkles by stopping the signal between the nerve and muscle (temporarily causing the muscle to relax). The decreased movement in the muscle places less stress on the skin helping you maintain a fresh and youthful appearance. This treatment is most effective when used as a preventative measure. Anti-wrinkle injections are made from a purified protein.
Deep wrinkles can be treated with dermal fillers which replace the volume that has been lost under the skin.

Other
See 7 proven ways to nourish sun-damaged Skin.            See 5 of the WORST things you can do for your SKIN

Victoria Isherwood (Registered Nurse)

Retinol

Can we have an impact on how our skin ages?

 The answer is: YES

Retinol (Vitamin A) is clinically proven to make a huge impact on how skin ages. Dermatologists have been prescribing it for decades as the gold standard for promoting skin cell turnover and collagen production. It can help with:-

Retinol benefits

SO …..when it comes to delivering long-term benefits and creating a more youthful appearance, it certainly gets an A+.

However, there’s a hitch: Prescription Vitamin A causes irritation and can be very drying, which makes daily use very difficult.

DC54FDED-82A5-4FF1-8207-C07918FAF408So how can you reap the benefits of Vitamin A without the irritation or the need for a Doctors script??

One way is to use products that contain a very low percentage of Retinol – this would be less irritating to the skin, but also less potent and effective (compared to prescription Vitamin A). The innovative way is to use Rodan + Fields Intensive Renewing Serum, which is the closest thing you will find to prescription strength WITHOUT drying your skin out.

This is because Intensive Renewing Serum contains a proprietary blend of powerful peptides and Retinal-MD (which is 20 times the strength of regular retinol). This will allow for visibly improved skin WITHOUT the side effects. The time-release technology keeps this anti-ageing serum working all night long to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and pores for firmer, younger-looking skin. SO …..you can revitalise the appearance of your skin while you sleep. It is designed to be tough on the signs of aging and not on your skin.

What about oral Vitamin A?

Vitamin A is a super important antioxidant / fat-soluble vitamin. It is crucial for maintaining overall health and keeping our SKIN healthy and clear. See here for the multiple skin benefits of oral vitamin A (including the best dietary sources).

Q&A:

Why should topical Retinol only be applied at NIGHT time?

Its important to keep your skin away from direct sunlight when using retinol. This is because retinol makes skin super-sensitive to UV rays and more likely to burn. In addition, the sunlight makes the product less effective. SO ALWAYS apply retinol serums in the evening before bed and remember to use sunscreen every morning.

Why does R&F Intensive renewing Serum (Retinol) come in small capsules?

The patented capsules eliminate the product’s exposure to oxygen. Oxygen decreases the efficacy of retinol dramatically – hence the creation of these little blue capsules! This intensive serum is as close as you can get to prescription Vitamin A without a visit to a doctor.

Pregnant woman and Vitamin A?

If pregnant please speak to your Doctor or Midwife before considering topical or oral Vitamin A. This is because high levels of vitamin A early in a pregnancy increases the risk for birth defects.

 

Click here to purchase or to find out which other products may suit your Skin type. Please message Victoria to find out how to get an instant discount and free shipping.

Want to amp up your Retinol Serum even further? Visit here

Victoria Isherwood (Registered Nurse)

Victoria Isherwood (Registered Nurse)

 

5 of the WORST things you can do for your SKIN.

1) smoking

Nicotine reduces blood flow to your skin, which means it doesn’t get an adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients. The chemicals in tobacco also damage collagen and elastin proteins (which give our skin its structure).

Smoking and your skin

In addition, years of puckering the lips to hold a cigarette, or squinting your eyes to keep out smoke – deepens lines and wrinkles in those areas.

2) Going to bed without washing your face.

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It can be tempting to skip the evening Skincare Regime after a long day of work (or a night out). However -not cleansing your face before bed (especially if you’re wearing makeup or sunscreen) leads to clogged pores, breakouts, dullness, rough skin texture, bacterial buildup and sometimes irritation.

In the evenings, it is very important to start your skincare regime with the removal of makeup or sunscreen. Otherwise your facial mask, scrub, or cleanser will purely be removing makeup rather than doing its job of removing impurities from your pores etc.

SO for healthy and vibrant looking skin, cleanse morning AND night.

3) Taking long, hot showers

Hot showers dry your skin

Steamy showers may be comforting on cold winter days, however they also tend to dry our skin out. Hot water can strip skin of essential moisture and natural oils. For some this can result in dry, scaley, and itchy skin. This is especially bad news for those who already suffer from skin conditions such as eczema and rosacea. SO for the sake of your skin, turn the temp down to moderately warm, try and avoid letting the stream of water directly hit your face AND exit before your skin starts to prune. Then after your shower, always apply hydration/ moisterising products as soon as you have dried yourself.

 

4) Not getting enough z’s

Studies have shown that while we sleep, our skin repairs and regenerates. New Skin cells are also created and old or damaged ones are shed. Our skin also makes the most of any night serums and creams that are applied.

Sleep and your skinA lack of sleep also causes an increase in our stress hormones (cortisol etc) which as previously discussed (see here), can lead to many Skin issues such as acne, rosacea and psoriasis. Cortisol can also cause disruption to our collagen cycle, and also a lowered immune system in general.

The average person should aim to snooze for approximately eight hours a night. Establishing a good nighttime routine will help you get a better night’s sleep. This includes avoiding caffeine in the afternoon, avoiding blue light (from devices) an hour before bed time, sleep in a dark & quiet room, and try to go to bed at a similar time each night (well at least midweek).

Lastly ….sleep deprivation also leads to dark swollen under-eye areas.

5) Not using sunscreen – all year         round.

UVB rays—the ones responsible for burning—are much stronger during the summer, but UVA rays tend to remain pretty constant all year long. SO don’t just reserve your SPF for summer days at the beach. It should be included in your skincare regimen pretty much every day.

Sunscreen for anti-aging

A daily moisturizer with SPF built in is the easiest solution for a lot of people.

Visit here for more information on sundamaged skin.

Other

Need help with your skincare regimen? Please feel free to contact me OR visit the Solutin Tool.

☺️ Victoria

8 Proven Ways To Nourish Sun Damaged Skin.

We know that the sun is a big contributor to aging skin. It causes sun spots, wrinkles, dullness, hyper pigmentation, broken blood vessels, enlarged pores, thickened skin and more.

Pigmentation is usually the result of too much sun, creating freckles, age spots or larger discoloured skin patches. Research has shown that it is one of the biggest contributors to looking older – equal to wrinkles. A combination of lifestyle changes and treatments can reduce this discolouration and even out our skin tone. This can lead to younger-looking radiant skin.

1) Skin Treatments

There are a few different in-clinic options for treating pigmented sun spots and fine lines. This includes treatments with advanced medical-grade Lasers, LED light therapy, microdermabrasion, cosmedical grade chemical peels, skin needling, the Beauty Booster treatment etc. Therapists will discus treatment options and also the individuals suitability for the various treatment options. Deeper wrinkles can also be softened with muscle relaxants.

Rochelle Lehmann who has worked in dermatology for 30 years (and is senior dermal therapist and clinic manager at Laser Clinics Australia Brookvale) explains that “the most successful treatment option usually depends on skin tone. For example, laser works well for lighter skin types and peels for darker skin tones”.

For a free skin consultation visit-

https://www.laserclinics.com.au

2) Sleep

Sleep for good Skin health

Nighttime is when our skin does a lot of its renewal and repair work. This includes making new cells and shedding old damaged ones.  It is also the time when Retinol and nourishing night creams go to work. Our best quality sleep is before 12 midnight. The ‘average’ person should try and aim for no less than 7.5 hours sleep per night.

3) Retinol

You can further revitalise the appearance of your sun damaged skin while you sleep with Vitamin A – AKA Retinol. In fact, when it comes to the signs of sun damage, no skin care ingredient works better!
Retinol works by promoting skin cell turnover and stimulating collagen production. It helps fade sunspots and pigmentation and also reduces fine lines and also acne (including acne scars).

REDEFINE Night Renewing Serum contains a proprietary blend of powerful peptides and Retinol to visibly improve skin texture and brighten skin. The time-release technology keeps this anti-ageing serum working all night long to reduce the appearance of wrinkles, sun damage and pores for firmer, younger-looking skin.

Why capsules? The patented capsules eliminate the product’s exposure to oxygen. Oxygen decreases the efficacy of retinol dramatically – hence the creation of these little blue capsules! This intensive serum is as close as you can get to prescription Vitamin A without a visit to a doctor

4) At home dermal rolling

Derma Rolling timulates the production of collagen to create smoother, healthier skin. It reduces pigmentation / sunspots, acne scarring, stretch marks, fine lines, enlarged pores, and scarring

5) Reverse Regime

Clean the slate and see a brighter future for your skin with Rodan + Fields clinically roven REVERSE Regimen. Exposure to the sun and the environment can leave you with less-than-youthful skin. Erase the appearance of premature ageing including brown spots, dullness and discolouration with REVERSE. It exfoliates, brightens, reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and defends against sun exposure for a long-term solution for a radiant complexion.

Rodan + Fields Reverse

6) Exercise

Exercise promotes healthy circulation and blood flow to the skin. This allows for the delivery of nutrients which can help with cell damage. For more skin benefits of physical activity visit exercise-skin article.

7) Sunscreen

There’s nothing new here. It should be worn pretty much everyday. It should also be an ingredient in your facial day cream!

8) Hydrate your skin with Hyaluronic Acid

See here and here

 

Final note:-

Unless you want to end up right back where you started, there’s no use trying to tackle pigmentation / melasma unless your prepared to keep your face out of the sun. Diligent sun protection is vital.

Sun protection

Intead of tanning in the sun, opt for a good sunless tanning product like Essentials Foaming Sunless Tan. To correct pigmentation caused by sun damage, see below…

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Click here for more information on skincare products to address your specific needs.

🙂 Victoria Isherwood (Registered Nurse – dermatology)

Victoria Isherwood (Registered Nurse)

Melasma v’s Hyper-pigmentation

….The Low Down

Hyperpigmentation

Is common and usually harmless. Patches of skin become darker in colour due to an excess of the brown pigment ‘melanin’. Usually occurs from:-

  • Sun damage over the years
  • Post acne or other skin trauma (post inflammatory hyperpigmentation). An example is dark marks that appear after a pimple.

Note:- every time unprotected skin is exposed to UVA rays, a signal is sent to your pigment producing skin cells (melanocytes), to produce more melanin.

 

Melasma

Melasma is a very common skin complaint. The condition causes brown, discoloured patches on the face. Usually on the cheeks, forehead and upper lip. It’s also called chloasma OR the ‘mask of pregnancy’ (when it occurs in pregnant women). Melasma is much more common in women than men.

It is primarily related to a rise in women’s estrogenic hormones (such as progesterone), combined with sun exposure. These increased hormones trigger an overproduction of melanin in the skin. It is commonly triggered by birth control pills, hormonal changes in pregnancy or Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT). Some women can however have a genetic predisposition. Most women with melasma have a history of sun exposure.

Melasma is most common among pregnant women, especially those of Latin and Asian descents. People with olive or darker skin, like Hispanic, Asian, and Middle Eastern individuals, have higher incidences of melasma

Frustratingly, Melasma does not always disappear straight away after giving birth. During pregnancy the best defense in preventing melasma is sun protection.

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Treatment for Melasma / Hyperpigmentation

  • Sun protection +++
  • Exfoliation – Removes dead skin cells and accelerates skin cell turnover.
  • Chemical Peels – eg glycolic
  • Topical products containing Hydroquinone -helps lighten melasma by inhibiting tyrosinase, which is the enzyme responsible for the production of melanin. Hydroquinone is a naturally occurring substance that is present in blueberries, broccoli and meats.
  • Topical Retinol (derived from Vitamin A) – which also great for aging Skin (wrinkles) and acne –not recommended whilst pregnant.
  • Topical products containing Vitamin C – help with lightening and brightening.
  • Professional Microdermabrasions
  • laser pigmentation removal – using specialised medical-grade Lasers.
  • Skin needling (Dermal rolling) – stimulates the production of collagen to create smoother, healthier skin. It reduces pigmentation, acne scarring, stretch marks, fine lines, enlarged pores, and scarring in general.
  • See the Beauty Booster treatment
  • REVERSE – line of products (from Rodan + Fields) – have been clinically tested to help visibly even skin tone, to reveal your most radiant and natural complexion. Please visit
    https://visherwood.myrandf.com/au and try the Solution Tool for a personalised recommendation.

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Note- Unless you want to end up right back where you started, there’s no use trying to tackle pigmentation / melasma unless your prepared to keep your face out of the sun. Diligent sun protection is vital.

Other skincare ingredients to look for-

Alpha hydroxy acids, Kojic acid, antioxidants, salicylic acid, licorice, Vitamin E, green tea, mulberry.