Why Does The Beauty Industry Love Hyaluronic acid?

Have you ever wondered why when it comes to anti-aging ‘Hyaluronic Acid’ is at the top of the list??

Hyaluronic acid -is a molecule that is naturally found in our SKIN and connective tissue. This naturally occurring polysaccharide, acts as a hydrating and lubrication agent for our joints, hair, SKIN, nerves and eyes. The reason Hyaluronic Acid (HA) is so unique (and loved by the beauty industry) is because of its amazing ability to retain moisture. In fact in humans, Hyaluronic Acid is capable of holding 1,000 times its weight in water. This results in the binding of moisture in the skin. 

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Unfortunately our skins naturally occurring HA starts to deteriorate over time. This is due to general ageing, sun damage and environmental factors. Also, with age molecules in our skin lose some of their ability to bind and retain water. This not only causes dryness, and wrinkles but also a decrease in the skin’s volume.

A decrease in our skins moisture level is one of the main culprits of aging skin. This is why HA (which attracts moisture)—is a must-have when it comes to repairing the skin’s moisture barrier, preventing epidermis water loss and also restoring volume loss. It also helps retain collagen, and provide elasticity and flexibility.

Today, HA is incorporated into different anti-aging beauty and health care products — you can now buy hyaluronic acid serums and specialist Registered Nurses, Doctors and Dermatologist even offer HA in injection form (dermal fillers / Beauty Boosters). 

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Interestingly ….studies have shown that wrinkles and fine lines are usually more visible in low humidity compared to high humidity environments. This is because low humidity reduces the water-holding capacity and elasticity of the skin. 

Hyaluronic Acid Injections AKA Dermal Fillers

It is because of the depletion in HA (as we age) that specialists Registered Nurses or Doctors often inject hyaluronic acid fillers into the epidermis to replenish the loss of volume and structure. 

There are different types of HA filler’s ranging from ‘thicker / denser’ fillers which are used to mimic bone structure or restore volume to larger areas, and there are thinner / ‘softer’ fillers that are used to mimic softer tissue (such as lips). The longevity of a hyaluronic acid filler is determined by the amount of cross-linking of the gel molecules. The more cross-linked the product the ‘harder’ it can be and longer it will last. Typically Dermal Filler product longevity will range from 6 – 15 months.

There is also a more recent form of HA (which is combined with specific high quality skin nutrients) that can be injected more superficial into the dermis to hydrate and replenish. See here for more details.

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Note:- All HA injections must be administered by specially trained experienced Doctors or Registered Nurses only.

Topical Serums

Different brands contain varying concentrations and types of HA molecules. Studies have found that daily topical application of good quality HA serums can lead to significant improvement in skin hydration, wrinkle appearance and elasticity.

Victoria Isherwood (Registered Nurse – Dermatology)

Victoria Isherwood (Registered Nurse)

 About / Contact 

Cosmetic Injectables – The Low Down

Wrinkles and volume loss are a natural part of the ageing process – our skin gets thinner and our body decreases its production of natural collagen and elastin. You can prevent and reduce the effect of wrinkles with cosmetic injectables.

Anti Wrinkle Injections

Every time our facial muscles move (when we speak, make facial expressions etc) our skin moves too. This is called ‘dynamic movement’ and produces dynamic wrinkles. Overtime, dynamic wrinkles turn into ‘static lines’. Meaning  ….they are permanently etched into our skin.

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Anti-wrinkle injections (we are unable to advertise the specific drug names in Australia) work to prevent the formation of static wrinkles by stopping the signal between the nerve and muscle (temporarily causing the muscle to relax). The decreased movement in the muscle places less stress on the skin, helping maintain a fresh and youthful appearance. This treatment is very effective when used as a preventative measure. Anti-wrinkle injections are made from a purified protein.

Some deeper wrinkles can be treated with dermal fillers (see below) which replace the volume that has been lost under the skin.

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Over time, our skin’s natural ability to protect itself reduces. Muscle contractions and movement leave their mark. Anti wrinkle injections can be an effective treatment to help reduce and prevent wrinkle formation.

Typical areas treated:-

  • Crows Feet
  • Frown Lines
  • Forehead Lines
  • Bunny (nose) Lines
  • Gummy Smile
  • Masseter / Jaw muscle (teeth grinding) see here for more info on non-cosmetic treatments.
  • Headaches
  • Hyperhydrosis (excessive underarm sweating)

A very fine needle is used to inject the muscle relaxant into selected facial muscles. Discomfort is minimal and brief. Most people describe it as an ant-bite sting lasting a few seconds. The treated area may appear to have small ‘mosquito bites’ for a few minutes after the injections. This is completely normal and is due to the fluid sitting just under the skins surface (for a few minutes until is is absorbed into the muscle). The wrinkle-smoothing effects of the injection on average lasts for 3-4 months.

It is pretty much uncommon to be allergic to Botox. However if the product is placed OR migrates to the wrong area it can cause an unwanted effect. Following the correct aftercare and being treated by an experienced injector will almost completely prevent this from happening.

Fillers

As we age, we start to lose volume in certain areas of the face which can make us look tired and sunken. This is caused by;-

  • A decrease in adipose tissue under the skins surface.
  • The body’s decreased ability to produce collagen and elastin.

Unlike wrinkles which require muscle relaxants to soften them, facial volume and folds require a dermal filler to help re-volumise and hydrate the area.

Dermal fillers are made from a natural sugar already present in the human body called hyaluronic acid (HA) . They can replicate the function of this naturally occurring substance and can restore fullness and volume in numerous facial areas.

There are different types of filler ranging from ‘thicker / denser’ filler that has a higher lift capacity and can mimic bone structure and replenish larger areas of volume loss. Then there are ‘thinner filler’s’ that is better at mimicing softer tissue (such as lips). The longevity of a hyaluronic acid filler is determined by the amount of cross-linking of the gel molecules. The more cross-linked the product the ‘firmer’ it can be and longer it will last. Typically Dermal Filler product longevity will range from 6 – 24 months.

Typical areas treated with Filler

  • Mid face (eg cheek area, under the eyes, nasolabial folds etc).
  • Lower face (eg smile lines, chin, corners of mouth, marionettes etc).
  • Lips (volume can be restored, lips can be hydrated or enhanced).

Results from dermal fillers are almost instant and generally last from 6 to 24 months -depending on the product used.

Bruising and slight swelling are possible (temporary) side effects from dermal filler injections. Certain areas are considered ‘higher risk’ for filler and carry an increased chance of more serious complications. This includes the nose, temples and frown area.

It is possible to achieve natural looking results with both anti wrinkle and dermal filler injections.

Dermal Fillers

Finding an Experienced and Qualified Cosmetic Injector

Its important to always confirm the qualifications and experience of a cosmetic injector. Having a face-to-face consultation with them before undergoing any treatment is important to ensure you feel comfortable with them.

What to consider:-

  • Are they a cosmetically trained Registered Nurse or Doctor?
  • How often do they perform cosmetic injectable treatments?
  • Are they qualified? – and NO a one or two day course does NOT mean they are qualified or experienced enough to be treating you!
  • Do they have a good sense of austhetics?
  • Is the clinic reputable?
  • Is there an experienced prescribing doctor associated with the clinic?
  • Do they offer complimentary consultations?

Although a Doctor, Dentist or Nurse may consider themselves capable of performing cosmetic injections -if they have not undertaken extensive training specifically in cosmetic injections and aesthetics, then they should not be treating.

For more information OR to book a complimentary consultation see here

Other:-

No studies have been performed on the safety of treating pregnant or breastfeeding women with dermal filler or muscle relaxants. SO it is NOT recommended.

Victoria Isherwood 🙂

Victoria Isherwood (Registered Nurse)

 

About / Contact

Victoria has been nursing for 20 years. She has a double degree in Nursing and Health Science, as well as a Post Graduate in Midwifery. In addition, she has also undertaken comprehensive and extensive training in dermatology and the cosmetic field. Having an eye for detail, Victoria now works exclusively in skincare aesthetics as a Cosmetic Nurse.

Working in the Cosmetic/ Dermatology field, Victoria has seen a lot of fads come and go. This Blog aims to help you eliminate the confusion of an over abundance of Skin advice and products on the market today.  The objective  is to help you filter through the gimmicky products and advice, to get to the good material. All products shown are clinical grade, cruelty free, and have undertaken rigorous testing.

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Blog topics will help educate and shed light on various skin (& related health) concerns. It is important to take a wholistic approach when it comes to skin health. Blog topics will cover both conventional and functional medicine. This includes various treatment options, clinical grade products, natural products, hormones, gut health, cosmetic injectables, natural remedies and more.

Please read on to find out more

For in clinic skin treatments / injectables with Victoria at Laser Clinics Australia please visit here OR contact:-

Warriewood (Tuesdays) Ph: 02 83192078

Brookvale (Thursdays) Ph: 80148911

For dermatological clinically proven skincare products visit here

😊 Victoria Isherwood

Contact

 

 

The Anti-Aging Benefits of Hyaluronic Acid

Ever wondered why when it comes to anti-aging ‘Hyaluronic Acid’ is at the top of the list??

Hyaluronic acid (HA) -is a molecule that is naturally found in our SKIN and connective tissue. This naturally occurring polysaccharide, acts as a hydrating and lubrication agent for our joints, hair, SKIN, nerves and eyes. The reason HA is so unique (and loved by the beauty industry) is because of its amazing ability to retain moisture. In fact one gram of hyaluronic acid can hold up to six litres of water.

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A decrease in our skins moisture is one of the main culprits of aging skin. This is why this ingredient (which attracts moisture)—is a must-have when it comes to repairing your skin’s moisture barrier, or restoring volume loss.

Below is a summary of a great article written by the wonderful Dr Axe.

Hyaluronic Acid

So what is hyaluronic acid exactly, and how does it work?

Hyaluronic acid is a lubricating, clear substance that’s produced by the body naturally. In the human body, hyaluronic acid is found in the greatest concentrations in the skin, inside joints, within the eye sockets and in other tissues where it helps retain collagen, increase moisture, and provide elasticity and flexibility.

Today, HA is incorporated into different anti-aging beauty and health care products — you can now find hyaluronic acid lotions, creams, serums and supplements. There’s a good chance your dermatologist or cosmetic physician even offers HA in injection form (dermal fillers). Read on to learn why.

Hyaluronic Acid Benefits

Hydrates Dry, Aged Skin
Many people report that their skin feels “dewier,” the bags under their eyes become lighter and their skin texture is smoother after applying serums containing hyaluronic acid. The primary way in which HA helps improve appearance of “chronoaged skin” (skin aged due to sun exposure) is by reducing water loss. In fact, one reason that hormone replacement treatments sometimes cause the skin to look more youthful and less sun-damaged is because they increase the skin’s HA concentration.

Dryness, dandruff, thin lined lips, and fine lines are associated with aging skin because as we get older molecules in our skin lose some of their ability to bind and retain water. This not only causes dryness, but also decreases skin’s volume. Skin aging is triggered by both intrinsic and extrinsic aging, meaning daily environmental exposure to pollutants and UV light, along with the “the normal process of aging.” Studies show there are multiple sites in the skin involved in the control of HA synthesis, deposition, cell and protein association and degradation.

Researchers have found that stratum corneum dryness caused from prolonged sun exposure plays an important role in wrinkle formation. It’s now been shown that wrinkles and fine lines are usually also more visible in low humidity compared to high humidity environments because they further reduce the water-holding capacity and elasticity of the skin. HA can naturally help reduce the signs of aging by decreasing “epidermis water loss” associated with sun exposure, skin dryness or flakiness.

Wrinkle Reduction
Although most research shows that HA might take six weeks or more to improve skin’s appearance, some studies have found that anti-wrinkle HA serums can sometimes start to work within just two to four weeks of use. For more substantial anti-aging results, dermatologists now use prescription injections or formulas containing hyaluronic acids (including the dermal filler Juvéderm) to replenish lost facial volume and hydrate the lips etc.

Results from a 2014 double-blind, randomized clinical trial that appeared in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology showed that products containing hyaluronic acid effectively decreased the appearance of wrinkles within 30 days of consistent use.

Treats Sores, Sunburns and Wounds    

Aside from lowering the appearance of wrinkles and dryness, HA is beneficial for treating mouth sores, ulcers, wounds, bites and burns due to how it keeps damaged tissue moist. It also provides sunburn relief. Many cold sore treatments for the lips and mouth contain hyaluronic acid gel to speed up the healing process and prevent cracking or bleeding.

HA is part of the structural component of the mouth and the lips, which are made up of connective tissues made partly from collagen and water. Collagen and HA help give lips their structure and shape. Because HA binds to water, it hydrates the skin and tissues within the mouth/lips and keeps skin junctions tight, helps bring nutrients to damaged tissues, controls inflammation and helps fluids carry out waste.

Lubricates Joints    

Hyaluronic acid is found in all bones, connecting tissue, joints, tendons and cartilage structures throughout the body — especially a type called hyaline cartilage, which covers the ends of bones and provides cushioning. Because it helps buffer bones and provides resistance to wear and tear, HA is useful for lowering pains and tenderness associated with degenerative joint diseases.

It’s also found in another important part of our joints called the synovial membrane, which forms a coating over two articulating bones and produces synovial fluid. Synovial fluid is a “viscous fluid” that helps joints absorb shock, remain elastic and carry nutrients to cartilage.
Hyaluronic acid is now a popular substance used in supplements for treating osteoarthritis pain and injuries. It’s also been approved by the FDA for treatment of osteoarthritis when administered in relatively high doses through injections given by a health care provider. (3) Some research shows that lower doses can also be effective for reducing joint stiffness and chronic pain, although results seem to vary. The types of joint pains most commonly treated with HA include those of the elbows and knees.

Hyaluronic Acid Facts

The biggest advantage that hyaluronic acid has to offer is that it has a very high capacity for retaining water, whether on the skin, in the eyes or within soft tissue. HA is considered a glycosaminoglycan, which gives it its capacity to hold a large volume of water along with its high viscosity. Throughout the body, HA is distributed in many different tissues, especially in the skin, where it provides moisture and structure. The skin accounts for about half of all the HA found in the entire body.

Other body parts where HA is concentrated include tendons and joints, the membranes of the eyes, the umbilical cord, synovial fluid, skeletal tissues, heart valves, lungs, aorta, and prostate. HA is basically a very long link of carbohydrate molecules bound together that hold water and therefore allow for fluid movement and pressure absorption.

Over the past two decades, emerging research has shown that beneficial functions of hyaluronic acid include hydration, lubrication of joints, a space-filling capacity within tissue and between cells, building the framework through which cells migrate, repairing tissue and wounds, regulating activation of inflammatory cells (inflammation), enhancing immune responses, repairing injury of fibroblasts, and maintaining skin’s epithelial cells.

How Hyaluronic Acid Works:

HA has been referred to as “the key molecule involved in skin moisture.” In recent years, new skincare products have hit the market that contain hyaluronic acid, promising to make skin smoother, plumper, more even-toned and generally more “refreshed” looking. HA is capable of holding up to 1,000 times its weight in water — however, because the size of its molecules are relatively big compared to other acids, it’s never been easy for skin care manufacturers to produce a hyaluronic acid product that actually penetrates and stays on the skin.

Only in the past decade have scientists been able to create technology-advanced HA formulas that are capable of really seeping below the skin’s surface. Recent studies show that topical application of advanced (low molecular weight) HA serums can improve skin moisture and lead to significant reductions in wrinkle depth within just several weeks. HA is beneficial for reducing oxidative damage to the skin caused from both internal and external factors, especially ultraviolet irradiation (also referred to as photoaging).
• In addition to UV damage, researchers now believe that skin aging is also influenced by hormonal changes, including decreased production of sex hormones like estrogen. Decreased estrogen can result in collagen degradation, which leads to dryness, loss of elasticity and wrinkling of the skin (along with other aging problems, such as joint achiness and dry eyes).
Because HA is involved in slowing down collagen loss in addition to reducing fluid or water loss, it can also help improve joint lubrication, reduce pain, and treat various problems of the eyes and mouth.

How to Use Hyaluronic Acid?

• Hyaluronic acid injections: These are administered by Doctors or Registered Nurses only, so talk a specialist about recommendations if you’re interested in having HA injections.
• Hyaluronic acid serums: Different brands contain varying concentrations and types of HA molecules. The most effective types have more than one size of hyaluronic acid molecules, since various sizes work in different ways. Studies have found that daily topical application of serums containing around 0.1 percent HA can lead to significant improvement in skin hydration, wrinkle appearance and elasticity.

Final Thoughts on Hyaluronic Acid

• Hyaluronic acid is a lubricating fluid that’s naturally found in the skin, eyes, joints, fluid and connective tissue.
• Because HA has a very high capacity for holding water, it’s used in supplement, lotions & serums and eye drops to give structure and moisture to damaged tissue.
• Certain types of HA also have anti-inflammatory properties and help reverse collagen/cartilage loss.
• Benefits of using hyaluronic acid including firming aging skin, reducing achy joints, moisturizing wounds and rewetting dry eyes.

This is a summarised version of Dr Axe’s article. The full article an be found at  https://draxe.com/hyaluronic-acid/

Note:- Hyaluronic Acid is one of the secret ingredients in R+F’s Active Hydration Serum. Click here to order.

Victoria Isherwood (Registered Nurse) 🙂